Infectious Disease Likely To Have Marginal Impact On Argentine Society, Chronic Disease Risk Likely To Remain Manageable


Executive Summary:

Infectious Diseases are likely to have only a marginal impact on Argentine society due to an advanced, affordable health care system and aggressive vaccination programs. Chronic Diseases are unlikely to present any challenges to the capacity of Argentina’s health care system by 2020.

Discussion:

Pertussis (Whooping Cough), Dengue, Malaria, Tuberculosis, HIV / AIDS, and Leprosy are all present in small quantities in Argentina. Most of the common tropical infectious diseases (Cholera, Dengue and Malaria) occur in the sparsely populated northeast regions of Argentina. Measles, Mumps, and Rubella, along with other vaccine preventable diseases, have been virtually eliminated since 1996 due to immunization campaigns. Vaccination rates are near 85% for all preventable diseases.

TB is the only communicable disease located mainly in the heavily populated Buenos Aires region. However the rate of infection was 28.2 per 100,000 in 2005, and the population density of the region, 12.4 million, means there is a very low probability of infection for any given individual.

HIV / AIDS rate has remained steady at six tenths percent, with a three to one male to female ratio of infection. A total of 81 percent of infected people receive antiretroviral therapy.

In a society with 60.9 percent obesity, chronic diseases and cancer are the most prevalent cause of death in Argentina. Cardiovascular disease is responsible for more than one third of all deaths. Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths (20.4 percent) among Argentine woman and lung cancer (22 percent) leads among men.

Argentina’s health care system is modern with ambulatory and emergency services available in most major cities. Health Care Costs are 8.9 percent of GDP with half of all expenditures being paid by the government and half out of pocket.|. Roughly two thirds of all Argentines have health insurance and public care is available for those who cannot afford it.

Argentina has a growth rate of one percent, life expectancy of 76 years and a median age of 29.7. At these current rates Argentina’s population will grow to 44.48 million in 2020 with age distributions comparable to 2005 levels. This is sustainable growth with which Argentina’s health care system will be able to handle through 2020.

Additional Comments:

None

Source Reliability: 6
Analytic Confidence: 7

Primary Author: Kevin Amundsen

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